What is Scabies
Scabies is a common skin infection that has an unfortunate stigma attached to it. Many people are afraid to see a doctor or ask for help in treating their scabies because of its reputation as a disease that only affects people who have poor hygiene or because it is considered a sexually transmitted disease.
The truth is that scabies spreads easily through normal physical contact; even visiting the home or dorm room of a person with scabies can allow the mites to infest you. Personal hygiene habits do not have an affect on whether or not you get scabies. Even people who keep immaculate homes can get scabies.
In addition to the embarrassment of having scabies, the itching that accompanies an infestation can be excruciating. The itching often gets worse at night, and many people lose sleep because of it.
Furthermore, the mites will stay under the skin after being killed, which is what causes problems. ( 4 Post Scabies Symptoms )
If you do have a problem with scabies, being informed about the condition and your options makes it much more likely that you can successfully treat the infection and rid yourself of it as quickly as possible. You may even be able to avoid passing it to family members or roommates if you catch it quickly enough and are diligent in treating it. Sometimes, It is difficult to find out that the symptoms is scabies or not – difference between flea bites and scabies .
To treat scabies effectively , you should use sulfur soap for scabies .
The Scabies Mite
Scabies is a condition caused by mites that live and reproduce in the skin.
The mites burrow into the skin, consuming the flesh and leaving waste in the burrows behind them. They also lay their eggs in the tunnels created when they burrow. Female mites lay about two or three eggs per day during their lifespan, which is about two to three months.
The burrows that the mites create are almost always in a zig-zag or S-shaped pattern. Under a magnifying glass, these become visible. The mites are usually transparent, but may be visible as a dark spot at the end of the tunnel.
The mite will often be at the opposite end of the tunnel from a scab. The scab is where the mite enters the skin. This site usually becomes itchy, and the person may scratch it. The tunnel is so characteristic of a scabies infection that it is often used to diagnose the condition. However, these tunnels are not always visible because of scratch marks left in response to the intense itching. In these cases, a diagnosis is often made by examining the sites where itching is most prevalent.
Scabies and the Immune Response
The persistent, intense itching is the result of an allergic reaction to proteins in the mite’s body, which are secreted in the mite’s saliva and waste. It is not clear what proteins stimulate the allergic response in the human body. The immune response to a scabies infestation is the same one that is involved in responding to allergens. This kind of response takes up to four to six weeks to occur, meaning that the mites are often present for some time before itching begins.
However, the absence of symptoms does not mean that your condition is not contagious. In fact, the delay between the infection and the immune and itch response often result in an infected person passing the scabies to other people. If you don’t know you have scabies, you don’t know that you need to avoid contact with other people to prevent transmitting it to them.
The antibodies that form in response to the scabies infestation are stored in the body once the condition is eliminated. The first infection a person experiences takes up to several weeks to elicit the immune response, but any scabies infestations that occur after the first one will cause the immune response in much shorter period of time, sometimes in as little as one day.
This is actually advantageous, because identifying the scabies early means you are more likely to treat it early. It is much easier to rid the body of a scabies infestation in its earliest stages, since the mites have had less time to reproduce and there are fewer mites to kill. The faster itch response also makes transmitting the scabies to other people less likely, because you can stay away from other people once you recognize that you might have a case of scabies.
Who Gets Scabies?
Because scabies is so easily passed from one person to another, anyone can get it. However, some people are more likely to get it because of their lifestyle, living arrangements, and interactions with other people.
Children are very susceptible to getting scabies, as well as a host of other diseases. Scabies is one of the most common skin infections children experience. Because of their young age, they have physical contact with a lot of people throughout each day. Children often make skin-to-skin contact with their parents, other family members, teachers and classmates. This means there is a lot of potential for children to get scabies. Often, only one child in a class needs to get scabies for it to be passed between most or all of the group.
College students frequently pass scabies to each other. Students who live in dormitories often host guests right in their bedrooms, even using their beds as seating. Since scabies can be asymptomatic for weeks, eggs and adult mites can easily be shed onto bedding by a guest who is not even aware they have scabies. The furniture supplied by universities is also often home to scabies. Although the mites can only live for a few days without a human host, students moving into new rooms at the change of terms may contract scabies from beds previously occupied by a person with scabies.
Much of what makes college students more likely to get scabies applies to people who live in apartment buildings or other communities that house a large number of people in a relatively confined space. Fellow tenants may shed scabies on shared furniture and other objects in common areas.