Vascular Disease Causes
The vascular disease causes may be different depending on the specific condition.
While some vascular disease causes are a result of different factors that contribute to the ailment’s development, there are few conditions that have unknown causes (such as atherosclerosis or high blood pressure).
There are several risk factors that contribute significantly in developing a vascular disease.
Some of these include smoking, high fat diet, diabetes, lack of physical exercise, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and family history.
A person with a family history of heart attacks, strokes or other similar conditions is more likely to develop one as well.
In the specific case of cardiovascular diseases or conditions, the causes are different with every type of cardiovascular disease. Angina is normally caused by the temporary decrease of oxygen levels in the heart muscle, coronary artery disease is caused by atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and a heart attack can be caused by the narrowing of the arteries or by a completely blocked artery from a clot. The narrowed or completely blocked blood vessels in the neck or brain can lead to a stroke. Also, diabetes can damage or weaken the heart’s muscle and lead to a congestive heart failure.There are two types of cerebrovascular conditions, the ischemic stroke and the hemorrhagic stroke.
An ischemic stroke is caused by a blocked blood vessel in the brain or neck and a hemorrhagic stroke is caused by the leakage of blood into the brain. Both conditions can cause the death of the blood cells in the brain. The causes of vascular disease may include hypertension or history of Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA).
It is proven that men are more at risk than women to suffer from a cerebrovascular disease, but women are at greater risk of stroke during pregnancy or in the period following the pregnancy. Even though, persons of all ages can develop a cerebrovascular disease, the older ones are at greater risk. Other causes of vascular disease can be diabetes which left untreated can cause a stroke or smoking. Tobacco thickens the blood, causing clots and abnormalities in the vascular system. Also, abusing drugs and alcohol can cause cerebrovascular diseases.
In peripheral vascular conditions, vascular disease causes may include the inflammation of the blood vessels (known as vasculitis). Injured blood vessels from all types of accidents, blood-clotting or even damaged blood vessels due to surgery can cause as well abnormalities in the peripheral vascular system and lead to tissue ischemia. Also, atherosclerosis is a common cause of peripheral vascular conditions.
There are no specific causes of a vascular disease but a multitude of factors that contribute to its development. Vascular disease causes are usually results of an unhealthy way of life, including unhealthy diets, lack of physical activities, obesity, smoking or stress and sometimes they can be caused by underlying conditions such as diabetes or hypertension so the best a person at risk can do is avoiding the risk factors in order to have a healthy vascular system.