What Is Prostate Cancer – It is a malignant neoplasm associated with hormonal changes – a high level of testosterone. Prostate cancer usually happens in men older than 50 years. At a young age this disease happens rather rarely with the exception of prostate sarcoma.
In the formation of malignant tumors is very important increase in the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary system, leading to hormones’ changes in the sex and adrenal glands, as well as the development of atypical epithelial cells of acini, i.e. the formation of cancerous nodes.
The causes of prostate cancer are not yet fully understood and studied. However it is known that high level of testosterone in the blood of men increases the risk of malignant tumors. Also, risk factors include:
- Advanced age (over 50)
- Progressive adenoma
- Hereditary predisposition (close relatives of patients had prostate cancer)
- The impact of carcinogenic factors
- Unfavorable ecological situation
- Consuming of large amounts of animal fats, etc.
Prostate cancer is characterized by slow development. From the inception of the small intestine to the stage of metastasis it may take 10 – 15 years. However, metastases can occur much earlier, depending on the individual characteristics of the disease. Distribution of metastases usually occurs in the lymph nodes, adrenal glands, bones, lungs and liver.
While the tumor has not started to spread to other organs, i.e. not metastasized, you can remove it, and the man will be healthy. But if there were metastases, it is impossible to cure the patient completely. That is why so important early diagnosis of this disease.