Vascular disease treatments are different on each type of vascular condition. Generally, it can include medication but most of the time the patient must change his/her life style. The treatment for vascular disease aims to prevent severe complications that can lead to death.
An important part of the vascular disease treatment is taking medication which will improve the function of the affected organs or tissues.
Usually, aspirin and other anti-platelet drugs are used because they are able to thin the blood, reducing in this way the risks for clots. This type of drugs helps protecting the heart and open blood vessels. Aspirin is mainly the drug used to treat chronic intermittent claudication and it is highly recommended for patients who are at risk to have a stroke or a heart attack.In patients with peripheral vascular disease, aspirin improves the blood circulation in the leg.
Another treatment for vascular disease includes drugs such as thienopyridine which comes in two types of drugs. One of them is called clopidogrel (or Plavix) and it is used in patients with vascular disease and intermittent claudication because of its ability to protect the heart and the blood vessels. The other thienopyridine is called ticlopidine and it is a very strong type of drug. There were serious side effects reported among patients who used this drug, including severe blood disorders such as thrombocytopenia.
The treatment for this condition may also consist in phosphodiesterase inhibitors that help keeping the blood flowing and the blood vessels open. A commonly used phosphodiesterase inhibitor is cilostazol (or Pletal) but it is used only in patients that do not respond to aspirin because it is more expensive than other treatments and has more side effects. Among the side effects we can mention headache, swelling in the limbs and stomach problems. Even though the liver and kidneys do not seem to be affected by this type of medication, it is highly recommended to be avoided by patients with heart failure.
Maybe the most important step in treating this ailment is changing the life style. A person at risk to develop a vascular disease should consider quitting smoking and avoid secondhand smoking as well. The doctor may prescribe drugs in order to help him stop craving nicotine. Physical activities are highly recommended as well along with a healthy diet. People at risk, especially those who suffer of obesity, must have a low fat diet and avoid animal fat. People with diabetes have to be more careful with their diet because they are at risk to develop a vascular disease and once they did they need to be closely monitored. As well, stress management is recommended in order to prevent high blood pressure. Usually, ones life style plays a very important role in vascular disease treatment.
Vascular disease treatment does consist in proper medication that will help blood flowing and prevent clots but more important is having a healthy style of life, which includes following a healthy diet and physical activities.