Vascular disease symptoms can be experienced by some, but normally a vascular disease evolves to a more severe stage without any symptom at all.
The vascular system is made up by arteries that carry the oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the other organs of the body, and veins that carry the oxygen-poor blood back to the heart.
Any abnormality of the arteries or veins can cause a vascular disease. In most cases, this condition is caused by the hardening of the arteries. This is also known as atherosclerosis and it mainly occurs because of the thickening of the artery walls due to fatty deposits or plaques.
The abnormalities in the arteries will cause dysfunctions of the tissues or organs in question. Since the arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to the organs and tissues, when they narrow the blood supply is affected. Inadequate blood supply leads to poor function of the organ, tissue damage and it can also lead death.
The vascular disease symptoms are different depending on the affected part of the body. There are mainly three types of vascular diseases.
When the vascular disease affects the heart, it leads to a condition known as cardiovascular disease. In this particular case, there are no specific vascular disease symptoms until the condition evolves to a more severe stage. Usually, in severe cases of atherosclerosis the symptoms that may be experienced are chest pain on exertion. The completely blocked coronary arteries (coronary thrombosis) cause the death of the heart muscle that does not get any blood and it leads to a heart attack or, in medical terms, a myocardial infarction. Pain in the throat or left arm or pain in the chest that do not settle within 20 minutes is one of the vascular disease symptoms that can be a sign of a heart attack.
The cerebrovascular disease occurs when the arteries in the brain are blocked by clots. The cerebral thrombosis can happen in the carotid arteries in the neck or smaller arteries in the brain. No matter the type of arteries affected such an event can cause a stroke. The vascular disease symptoms experienced in a stroke are sudden and they include numbness or paralysis on one side of the body, speech difficulties, difficulties with coordinating, balance or vision or even problems in swallowing.
The disease caused by abnormalities in the arteries supplying blood to the legs is called peripheral vascular disease. The main symptoms of this condition are cramps in the leg muscles that settle within few minutes of rest. Usually, when the condition evolves to more serious stages, the pain becomes constant even when at rest and it can also lead to gangrene in the feet and toes.
There is no specific cause for this medical conditional but there are few risk factors that can increase the chance of developing it and avoiding these factors can, on the other hand, significantly increase the chances not to develop it. Among these we can mention smoking, following an unhealthy diet rich in fat, stress or lack of exercise.
A vascular disease is a serious medical condition, that may not have any symptom in early stages but it is highly recommended to seek for a medical opinion as soon as the vascular disease symptoms appear.