Till date there is still no evidence of any HIV patient get cure. However you need to know how to manage the infection using therapy or medicine.
The main type of AIDS or HIV treatment is antiretroviral treatment. It uses drugs to control the disease. To enhance the treatment, patient sometimes takes more than 2 types of antiretroviral drugs. This is called combination therapy or term as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART).
Currently there are 5 types of anti-HIV drugs.
- Nucleoside/Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
- Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
- Protease Inhibitors
- Fusion or Entry Inhibitors
- Integrase Inhibitors
Although HAART has been greatly control the HIV infection and reduce the number of death. There is still possibility transmission of HIV. It means even a patient is taking antiretroviral drugs he/she can still transmit the HIV to others because the drug only slow down the replication of HIV. It doesn’t cure.
Before starting any treatment, you may do some tests – CD4 test and viral load test. CD4 test is a test on your immune system measuring the T-helper cell. The more T-helper cell, the stronger of your immune system and also indicate that your body has better condition to fight for the disease.
If your T-helper cell falls in between 200 to 350 per cubic millimeter of blood, you will need to start the antiretroviral treatment. On the other side, viral load test is checking on the amount of HIV in your blood.
These 2 tests is helping you to determine when to start your anti-HIV treatment.It is advisable to start the treatment as early as possible when your immune system is stronger. It gives you better chance of fighting the disease.
It is important for you to discuss the test results and start the anti-HIV treatment with your doctor. He can also suggest you on choosing any combination of drugs.This is more likely a life time treatment. Therefore your commitment is greatly affect the treatment than the drugs itself. Do it as in when you are ready!