As a rule, a person turns to the doctors’ help in connection with the appearance of some complaints to health. Based on their analysis the doctor determines the most probable diagnosis and orders appropriate examination for its clarification.
There is no doubt that it is not only a doctor, but a person must know on what changes in his body should he pay attention, and without wasting time see a specialist in order to determine their causes.
The symptoms of prostate cancer initially expressed slightly, does not worry man, and he can ignore them (just do not pay attention or engage in self-medicate), attributing the illness to any other disease.
So, what are the most typical complaints for prostate cancer? What should alert the patient and the doctor?
In the early stages of prostate cancer development it’s usually does not manifest itself, as developed in the peripheral zones of the prostate. With the growth of tumors, with an increase in its size appear and its external manifestations (symptoms).
Prostate cancer symptoms can be divided into three groups:
1) Prostate cancer symptoms associated with the violation of the urine outflow (so-called infravesical obstruction). They appear in the compression of the urethra by tumor in the part that passes through the prostate gland. This group includes:
- A weak and interrupted urine stream
- Difficulty at the beginning of urination
- Feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder after urination
- More frequent, than usual, urinating
- Painful urinary
2) Symptoms associated with tumor growth and its local spread beyond the prostate gland. They appear when the tumor reaches a considerable size, germination of prostatic capsule and penetrates into the neighboring tissue. This can manifest itself as follows:
- The appearance of blood in semen during ejaculation (so-called hemospermia)
- The appearance of blood in the urine (hematuria)
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Pain in the pubis and over the pubis, as well as in the perineum
3) Prostate cancer symptoms associated with the appearance of prostate cancer metastases (secondary tumor of other organs and tissues of the human body). All these symptoms usually show nothing of the running form of the disease and determine the poor prognosis for recovery and life. Metastasis may appear as:
- Bone pain (often in the lower back)
- Swelling of the lower extremities (so-called lymphostasis – with compression of metastatic lymph vessels and veins)
- Decrease in the strength and motor capacity of lower limbs, sometimes up to paralysis – in the compression of the spinal cord
- Weight loss, sometimes very large, up to a strong depletion (so-called cachexy)
- Anemia (decreased hemoglobin level)
- Loss of appetite, general weakness, listlessness, fatigue
Thus, prostate cancer (and many other malignant tumors) is tricky because the early stages of development may does not show itself or masquerade as other diseases of the urogenital spheres (prostatic adenoma, prostatitis, cystitis, and so on). The presence of any of the above complaints or some others – is cause for immediate examination and treatment.