Congenital hypothyroidism in children is a condition that can affect the newborns.
It is characterized by the loss of thyroid activity, because of the thyroid gland which fails to advance in a normal way.
Sometimes, the gland can be totally absent. If the diagnosis has been delayed, and an urgent medication is not prescribed, congenital hypothyroidism in children may result in growth defects, and serious mental problems.
Hyperthyroidism In Newborn Children
Hyperthyroidism is an hyperactive thyroid gland which is seen rarely in children at birth. This affection is also called neonatal hyperthyroidism. If the pregnant woman has Graves’ illness, the thyroid antibodies in the blood can pass over the placenta and cause problems to the fetus thyroid gland. These antibodies can be controlled and are useful in showing the consequences of an affected fetus. However, there are children at birth that can be hardly affected if the antibodies levels are decreased.
However, in rare cases, the antibodies levels can cause serious thyrotoxicosis. An urgent medication it is necessary for correcting the imbalance of the hormones. The birth children with progressed hyperthyroidism may experience the same symptoms as adults, like a very fast pulse, nervousness, wet skin.
Luckily, treatment with anti thyroid medicines is very safe and efficient, and should only be taken until the antibodies go away from the child bloodstream.
The most usual cause of hypothyroidism in children and teenagers is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which is an autoimmune condition. The immune system of the body affects the thyroid gland. The debut of this affection may happen at any age, and the diagnosis may be very easy passed even for years, as the hypothyroidism symptoms in children develop slowly. When the thyroid gland is starting to be very underactive, the physical and mental problems will be much easy to observe.
Usually the first symptom is that the child’s growth starts instant to decrease and the skeletal development stops to develop. The child can also experience a neck inflammation, as the thyroid gland swells. Other signs may come, like tiredness, very dry pain skin, high sensitivity at cold, gain in weight or inflammation, low concentration, poor energy, and even constipation.
Grave’s illness is the most usual cause of hyperthyroidism in children and teenager. In Graves’ illness, the body is producing antibodies that are stimulating the thyroid gland, for producing too much hormones of the thyroid. A child can have the same symptoms as adults, even though he is not complaining about them. The most obvious symptom of this affection is that the child is displaying high energy.
The child can also be hyperactive and with lots of energy, can produce troubles in class, and can very easily lose the concentration. This can result in low grades at school. Hyperthyroidism in children can be not observed until more obvious signs and symptoms occur. An increased thyroid gland can be a serious sign. There are also other signs such as very fast pulse, anxiety, sensitivity to heat, loss in weight, the hands are shaking, weak muscles, diarrhoea, and also behavioral disturbances. The thyroid eye affection occurs in rare cases at the younger children.
Once the hyperthyroidism in children is diagnosed, a very easy test of the blood is made for measuring the levels of the thyroid hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone inside the blood. T if the thyroid stimulating antibodies are present this can be useful in certify the diagnosis. If the test results are positive, then a treatment must be started quickly.