Diabetes vascular disease is the vascular disease caused by the blockages in the arteries or the hardening of them due to diabetes.
Diabetes and vascular disease are linked in many ways.
Diabetes patients’ bodies are not able to produce insulin or to use it in an efficient way and that is the reason why there is too much glucose in the blood stream.
Since insulin is either not produced, either not used efficiently the glucose is not transported into the cells, but it remains in the blood stream, hardening the blood veins. Diabetes and vascular disease can lead to retinopathy, nephropathy (kidney disease) or neuropathy (a disease affecting the nerves). People with diabetes are prone to high cholesterol, hard blood pressure and heart disease.
Patients with diabetes vascular disease may experience different symptoms depending on the severity of the case. These symptoms include chest pain, blurry vision, swelling of the face or limbs, foot sores, pain in the legs when walking and high blood pressure. Some of the patients may suddenly gain weight.
Most of the time, the condition is treatable, especially in early cases but it can also cause gangrenes and infection which lead to the amputation of the affected limb or digit. There are different treatments available, which can include medication or surgery.
The drugs used are usually the anti platelets such as aspirin or clopidogrel which prevent blood clotting. The doctor may also prescribe insulin or glucose-lowering medications or drugs to lower the blood pressure along with beta-blockers and diuretics. If the stage of the disease is advanced, surgery or angioplasty may be required.
It is very important for diabetes patients to prevent the vascular conditions by maintaining a healthy style of life, following healthy diets, low in saturated fat and practicing sports. It is also vital to control their blood sugar levels on a regular basis, as well as the cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
Since diabetes and vascular disease are linked, a patient with diabetes must be aware of the complications that might appear with a vascular disease. There are bigger risks for diabetic people to develop severe health problems that include blindness, kidney disease, stroke or heart attack. Also, the longer a person had diabetes the greater risks are to develop a vascular condition. As well, the chances are bigger to get a vascular diseases if the patient smokes. Tobacco thickens the blood and along with the effects of the insufficient insulin may lead to the development of a vascular disease.
Diabetes vascular disease is a controllable condition which requires permanent monitoring of all the risk factors due to diabetes and the life style of the patient.